The research group examines social upheavals between the 13th and 16th centuries and investigates how the concept of resilience, initially tailored to examine potentials of coping, adaptation, and transformation in contemporary societies, can be transferred to analyses in the Humanities and in Sociology concerning historical constellations. At the same time, the group explores the question whether the empirical and conceptual results of such analyses can be applied to the formation of a typology and the development of a theory relevant for both historical and contemporary issues. Medievalist research will be systematically connected with sociological theory building informed by approaches in the sociology of knowledge, so that the analysis will develop historic-empirical typologies of processes, resources, strategies, and dispositions of resilience. These concepts will thus be made accessible for research in the Humanities and Social Sciences. In particular, the research group is designed so as to investigate the significance of different forms of social patterns of interpretation and self-description for the progression as well as for the results of resilience processes. This is made possible through a threefold analytical design, which considers social upheavals in the socio-political, socio-economic and socio-cultural perspectives.